Year 8 Revision Guide
Below are the key areas that need to be revised. Beside each is a list of the key questions that you need to know for this unit. Go through each of the questions and see if you know the answers. If you are unsure about some of the answers you should go to your notes, your textbooks or borrow some of the books from the class library. Also included are a selection of interactive games and PowerPoint presentations that will help with your revision.
You should know the answer to the following key questions.
Interactive activities/ powerpoint presentations that you might use when revising this topic:
Why was there a succession crisis in England?
Why did Edward the Confessor’s death cause a crisis about the throne of England?
Who were the different claimants who wanted the throne of England?
What were the positive and negative reasons for each of the claimants coming to the throne?
Why did the Witan Council decide to chose Harold Godwin?
(Right Click the link and "Save target as")
Harold invades England
The Normans invade England
The Battle of Hastings.
The Normans control England:
a) Feudal system
Life in a Medieval village.
Towns in the Middle Ages
The Church in the Middle Ages
The Black Death
The Normans in Ireland:
Ireland before the Normans
Was Dermot McMurrough responsible for bringing the Normans to Ireland?
What were the key events at the Battle of Stamford Bridge?
Why did William decide to invade?
What plans did William make for invasion?
When did William’s army arrive in England?
Where did they set up there camp in preparation for battle?
Why were Harold Godwin’s army tired by the time they reached Hastings?
What were the similarities between the Normans and the Saxons at Hastings?
What were the key events at Hastings?
Why did the Normans win? Think about the following:
What was the feudal system?
Why did the Normans introduce this system in England?
Why did the Normans build castles?
What did the Normans think about when siting a castle?
Motte and Bailey castles:
What were they like?
What were their key features?
What were they like to live in?
Were they easily attacked and why?
How did castles change?
What new features were added and why?
What were concentric castles?
Defending and attacking castles.
What methods were used when attacking castles?
What features did the Normans have in their castles that made them harder to attack?
What weapons were used in attacking and defending castles?
Living in the castle.
What was life like for the Lord and his family living in the castle?
How did the life of a peasant differ from that of a noble?
What was life like for the peasants? Think about:
How and where did towns grow up?
What was life like in towns? (hazards, markets, trades, charter, guilds etc.)
Why was the Church so powerful?
What role did the priests and the church play in the local area?
What were the monastery buildings like?
What was life like for monks and nuns?
What caused the Black Death?
What were the effects of the Black Death?
Why did the peasants revolt and what were the results of their actions?
Differences between Irish and English.
Main aspects of Irish society.
Why did Dermot MacMurrough bring the Normans to Ireland in 1169?
Why did the Normans come to Ireland?
Henry’s arrival in Ireland.
John De Courcy
Why did Dermot go looking for help in 1166?
Why did Henry II help? (Think about how his arrival in Ireland could help the Normans and Henry II.)
Where did each of the sections of Normans land and what did they do when they landed?
Why did Henry come in person to Ireland?
Why was Strongbow causing him some concern?
Who was De Courcy?
What did he do in Ulster?
Why was he so unpopular with the King?
How did the Normans change society?
Think about ideas like those below: